Research

WJC’s books

Cover⇨ W. Joseph Campbell has written six solo-authored books and a seventh — Lost in a Gallup: Polling Failure in U.S. Presidential Elections — is to be published this summer by University of California Press. The book presents original research drawn extensively from the papers of prominent pollsters including George Gallup, Elmo Roper, Archibald Crossley, Warren Mitofsky, and Louis Harris.

Lost in a Gallup offers a lively and sweeping assessment of major polling failures in U.S. presidential elections from 1936 to 2016. And it examines the sometimes-exasperating interplay between pollsters and journalists, a complex relationship that has produced collaboration as well as bitter disdain. The book makes the point that polling failure often is journalistic failure, and notes that journalists never deeply analyzed their failure to anticipate the outcome of the 2016 election.

Publishers Weekly said in its pre-publication review of Lost in a Gallup:

“Campbell convincingly concludes that ‘voters in 2020 are well advised to regard election polls and poll-based prediction models with skepticism.’ Newshounds closely following the latest 2020 predictions would be well-advised to read this bracing reality check.”

A ‘bracing reality check’

Descriptions about Campbell’s other books follow.


Getting It Wrong: Debunking the Greatest Myths in American Journalism

Read Chapter One

cover_myths[1]Getting It Wrong debunks prominent media-driven myths, those well-known stories about and/or by the news media that are widely believed and often retold. They include several of the most cherished stories American journalism tells about itself.

The first edition of Getting It Wrong was published in 2010 (see cover at right); an expanded second edition came out in 2017.Getting It Wrong

New chapters in the second edition discuss the first Kennedy-Nixon debate in 1960, the “Napalm Girl” photograph of the late Vietnam War, and bogus quotations driven by the Internet and social media.

The first edition of Getting It Wrong won the Society of Professional Journalist’s national Sigma Delta Chi award for Research about Journalism (see image nearby).SPJ-award2

From a review of the first edition, by Jack Shafer, Slate.com:
“Toting big guns and an itchy trigger-finger is American University professor W. Joseph Campbell … flattens established myths that you were brought up to believe were true: that Orson Welles sparked a national panic with his 1938 War of the Worlds broadcast; that the New York Times suppressed news of the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba at the request of the White House; that Edward R. Murrow destroyed Sen. Joseph McCarthy; that publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst told an illustrator, “You furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war,” before the Spanish-American war started; and more.”
“The best tonic for the brain fever caused by media myths is an open mind and a free inquiry. I especially admire the disciplined way Campbell corrects so many flawed records without taking cheap shots at the perpetrators.”

From a review by Edward Kosner in the Wall Street Journal:
“Persuasive and entertaining … With old-school academic detachment, Mr. Campbell, a communications professor at American University, shows how the fog of war, the warp of ideology and muffled skepticism can transmute base journalism into golden legend.”

Visit Campbell “Media Myth Alert” blog


1995: The Year the Future Began

Read Chapter One

book cover of 995: The Year the Future BeganThe year 1995 was a critical hinge moment in the recent American past.

In 1995: The Year the Future Began (2015) Campbell draws on a variety of interviews, oral histories, memoirs, archival collections, and contemporaneous news reports to present a vivid, detail-rich portrait of a momentous time.

The book offers fresh interpretations of the pivotal moments of 1995, including the emergence of the Internet and the World Wide Web in the mainstream of American life; the bombing at Oklahoma City, the deadliest attack of domestic terrorism in U.S. history; the sensational “Trial of the Century,” at which O.J. Simpson faced charges of double murder; the U.S.-brokered negotiations at Dayton, Ohio, which ended the Bosnian War, Europe’s most vicious conflict since the time of the Nazis; and the first encounters at the White House between Bill Clinton and Monica Lewinsky, a liaison that culminated in a stunning scandal and the spectacle of the president’s impeachment and trial.italian_news_full

As Campbell demonstrates in 1995, the year was one of surpassing exceptionality, a watershed at the cusp of the millennium. And the effects of the decisive moments of 1995 reverberate still.

Nick Gillespie of Reason magazine called the book “compulsively readable.”

(The image above is a portion of a three-page spread that Italy’s largest newspaper, Corriere della Sera, devoted to the book.)

From a review by Robert Fulford in Canada’s National Post:
“Campbell’s intense commitment to his material brings it to life. He’s a persuasive writer with an excellent sense of detail and a knack for narrative. Even those who clearly remember 1995, and know how major events turned out, will find his book illuminating.”

Visit Campbell’s “1995 Blog”


The Year That Defined American Journalism: 1897 and the Clash of Paradigms

Read the Introduction

The Year That Defined American Journalism (2006) tells the story of a remarkable and decisive year in American journalism—1897. It was a year when journalists were wrestling with the nature, character, and future of the profession.

From a review in Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly:
“This book offers a different and well-documented perspective of the Yellow Journalism era… In so doing, [it] makes a significant contribution to our understanding of journalism history and, ultimately, the journalism of today.

From a review in Journalism Studies:
“This is a lively and fascinating book, beautifully written and thoroughly researched. It effectively captures the American fin-de-siècle, providing a snap-shot yet admirably conveying the dynamism and anxieties of the period.”



The Emergent Independent Press in Benin and Cote d’Ivoire

Yellow Journalism: Puncturing the Myths, Defining the Legacies (2001)

The Spanish-American War: American Wars and the Media in Primary Documents (2005)
Read the Introduction Read the Introduction

 


Selected articles

Here is a selection of Campbell’s articles written over the years for news outlets and scholarly journals.